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湖南省人民政府门户网站 发布时间:20200525 【字体:

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  20200525 ,>>【d55.cc天空网与你同行】>>,Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

   PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.  中国航天科技集团有限公司党组书记、董事长吴燕生表示,2020年是中国奠定航天强国基础的重要一年,同时也是中国航天科技集团迈上大台阶、进入大领域、完成大工程的关键一年。

 

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto$1.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover$170million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

 

  <<|d55.cc天空网与你同行|>>Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

   PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.PhototakenonMarch13,2018showstheheadquartersofthePeople'sBankofChinainBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/CaiYang)Initslatestmovetocutthereserverequirements,China'scentralbankhassteppedupeffortstospurtherealeconomyandlowersocialfinancingcosts.ThePeople'sBankofChina(PBOC)announcedonWednesdaytocutthereserverequirementratio(RRR)forfinancialinstitutionsorthelevelofcashthatlendersmustholdasreservesby50basispointsstartingfromJan.6.ThemovewasexpectedtooffsettheliquidityshortageaheadoftheSpringFestival,orChineseLunarNewYear,tokeepoverallliquidityinthebankingsystembasicallystable,anofficialfromthePBOCsaid.Referringtothereductionaspartofthecountry'scounter-cyclicaladjustments,theofficialstressedthatthestanceofprudentmonetarypolicyhasremainedintactandexcludedthepossibilityof"flood-style"stimulus.Theannouncement,"notabigsurprisetomanyonthemarket,"wasmeanttoeasetheliquiditystrainsresultedfromthematuringreversereposandtargetedmedium-termlendingfacilityinJanuary,aswellashighercashdemandaheadoftheholiday,SwissbankinggiantUBSsaidinaresearchnote.ItwasalsoconducivetothescheduledissuanceofspeciallocalgovernmentbondsinJanuaryandFebruary,saidtheUBS.AccordingtothePBOC,theblanketRRRcutwillreleaseabout800billionyuan(around114.6billionU.S.dollars)oflong-termfunds,injectingliquidityandloweringfinancingcostsfortherealeconomy.Withmorethan120billionyuaninlong-termfundstobeunlockedforsmallandmedium-sizedlenders,thecentralbankhasurgedfinancialinstitutionstoincreasesupportforsmall,microandprivatebusinesses.Lastweek,ChinesePremierLiKeqiangpromisedtograntstrongersupporttosmallandmedium-sizedbanksdeliveringdirectservicestosmallandmicro-enterprisesduringaninspectiontourinChengdu,capitalcityofthesouthwesternprovinceofSichuan,sayingthatresearchintotheuseofmultipletoolsincludingtheRRRwillbecarriedout.Thecutalsoechoedthecentralbank'spledgemadeWednesdaymorningduringameetingwhereitvowedtoadvancefinancialsupply-sidestructuralreformforhigh-qualitydevelopmentandguidefinancialinstitutionstostepuploanstotherealeconomy.Whileacknowledgingthepositiveeffectsofthecutonmarketsentiment,AsianfinancialservicegroupNomuraexpectedmoreliquiditytobeunleashedinthefutureasthemovemightnotbesufficienttofillintheliquidityshortageinJanuary.UBSalsoanticipatedanotherRRRcutovertherestof2020aspartofthecountry'seffortstoboostcreditgrowthbutdeniedthepossibilityofabigstimulus.Theyear-endtone-settingCentralEconomicWorkConferencelastmonthnotedthatthecountryfacesrisingdownwardeconomicpressureamidintertwinedstructural,institutionalandcyclicalproblems,pledgingstrongerpolicymovestokeeptheeconomyonastabletrack.Thecountry'sGDPexpanded6.2percentyearonyearinthefirstthreequartersof2019despitedomesticheadwindsandexternaluncertainties.

 

   资料图:长征五号遥三火箭成功发射实践二十号卫星。PhototakenonMarch13,2018showstheheadquartersofthePeople'sBankofChinainBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/CaiYang)Initslatestmovetocutthereserverequirements,China'scentralbankhassteppedupeffortstospurtherealeconomyandlowersocialfinancingcosts.ThePeople'sBankofChina(PBOC)announcedonWednesdaytocutthereserverequirementratio(RRR)forfinancialinstitutionsorthelevelofcashthatlendersmustholdasreservesby50basispointsstartingfromJan.6.ThemovewasexpectedtooffsettheliquidityshortageaheadoftheSpringFestival,orChineseLunarNewYear,tokeepoverallliquidityinthebankingsystembasicallystable,anofficialfromthePBOCsaid.Referringtothereductionaspartofthecountry'scounter-cyclicaladjustments,theofficialstressedthatthestanceofprudentmonetarypolicyhasremainedintactandexcludedthepossibilityof"flood-style"stimulus.Theannouncement,"notabigsurprisetomanyonthemarket,"wasmeanttoeasetheliquiditystrainsresultedfromthematuringreversereposandtargetedmedium-termlendingfacilityinJanuary,aswellashighercashdemandaheadoftheholiday,SwissbankinggiantUBSsaidinaresearchnote.ItwasalsoconducivetothescheduledissuanceofspeciallocalgovernmentbondsinJanuaryandFebruary,saidtheUBS.AccordingtothePBOC,theblanketRRRcutwillreleaseabout800billionyuan(around114.6billionU.S.dollars)oflong-termfunds,injectingliquidityandloweringfinancingcostsfortherealeconomy.Withmorethan120billionyuaninlong-termfundstobeunlockedforsmallandmedium-sizedlenders,thecentralbankhasurgedfinancialinstitutionstoincreasesupportforsmall,microandprivatebusinesses.Lastweek,ChinesePremierLiKeqiangpromisedtograntstrongersupporttosmallandmedium-sizedbanksdeliveringdirectservicestosmallandmicro-enterprisesduringaninspectiontourinChengdu,capitalcityofthesouthwesternprovinceofSichuan,sayingthatresearchintotheuseofmultipletoolsincludingtheRRRwillbecarriedout.Thecutalsoechoedthecentralbank'spledgemadeWednesdaymorningduringameetingwhereitvowedtoadvancefinancialsupply-sidestructuralreformforhigh-qualitydevelopmentandguidefinancialinstitutionstostepuploanstotherealeconomy.Whileacknowledgingthepositiveeffectsofthecutonmarketsentiment,AsianfinancialservicegroupNomuraexpectedmoreliquiditytobeunleashedinthefutureasthemovemightnotbesufficienttofillintheliquidityshortageinJanuary.UBSalsoanticipatedanotherRRRcutovertherestof2020aspartofthecountry'seffortstoboostcreditgrowthbutdeniedthepossibilityofabigstimulus.Theyear-endtone-settingCentralEconomicWorkConferencelastmonthnotedthatthecountryfacesrisingdownwardeconomicpressureamidintertwinedstructural,institutionalandcyclicalproblems,pledgingstrongerpolicymovestokeeptheeconomyonastabletrack.Thecountry'sGDPexpanded6.2percentyearonyearinthefirstthreequartersof2019despitedomesticheadwindsandexternaluncertainties.

 

   探测器成功发射后,大约需要经过7个月飞行才能抵达火星。2020年,中国将用长征五号火箭择机发射嫦娥五号探测器,实现月面无人采样返回,圆满完成探月工程三步走的总体规划目标。

 

   PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

 

  (环彦博 20200525 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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